Frequently Asked Questions

Why should my program participate in a Risk Management Review?

  • To reduce significant incidents and accidents for your participants and staff.
  • To ensure that the ‘telos’ (the reason for your program’s existence) of your organization is aligned with your risk management practices.
  • The current norm within the industry expects periodic reviews (Internal, External, Peer) of existing programs to keep them healthy, effective, and safe.

Who does Adventure Risk Management serve?

Adventure Risk Management focusses on the Risk Management Systems of Outdoor and Adventure-based programs primarily in the United States. Our broad-based pool of Consultants allow us to provide quality, insightful reviews of many types of programs, including:

  • Water-based: rafting, kayaking, canoeing, sailing, swimming
  • High School, College/University Outdoor Programs
  • Backpacking
  • Bicycling
  • Climbing & Mountaineering
  • Ropes Courses
  • Climbing Gyms
  • Professional Development

When/How often should a Risk Management Review be done?

  • Following a significant incident, injury, or fatality.
  • Anytime a significant incident trend is being observed in your Program.
  • When considering the implementation of new program activities in your organization.
  • Ideally, Programs should be reviewed by an external or peer review team on a yearly or bi-yearly basis. Each review is not necessarily a comprehensive review of the program as a whole, but may focus on specific facets of a program dictated by recent organizational changes, incidents, or other factors.

What process does Adventure Risk Management use to review my Program?

  • A Risk Management Review can entail all aspects of your program, or focus on specific elements.
  • A complete Risk Management Review can be structured as follows:
  1. Assessment: Discussion between your program managers and ARM Consultants designed to articulate your program’s current needs, challenges, and successes to determine the most logical, effective Review Process. The assessment may be conducted at your site, or remotely.
  2. Risk Management Review: An on-site review of the elements specified in the Assessment phase. Your program is scrutuinized at many levels to ascertain your current risk management practices and effectiveness.
  3. Recommendations: Your Review Team meets with you to discuss observations and provide specific, practical solutions for change.
  4. Follow-up: A written summary that is generated detailing the Review and Recommendations made by the Review Team, along with pertinent supporting resources.

What are the costs associated with Consultation or Reviews?

Consultation costs vary with the unique needs of your program, but consist of a daily rate per Consultant or Reviewer. Our rates are competitive with those of similar risk management consultation services – contact us for a quote. As you feel it is necessary, additional Consultants or Reviewers can be added for a lower daily rate. All associated expenses are billed to the client, and may consist of travel, meals, and lodging.

What type of travel, meals, and lodging are required?

Every attempt is made to minimize the logistical expenses, and whenever possible, these expenses will be confirmed by you prior to incurring the expense. Travel will consist of the least expensive, while still expedient method possible. Meals are expensed at the rate of $30 per person per day. Lodging does not need to be extravagant, but should consist of a private location where Adventure Risk Management Consultants can work and rest without distraction.


Registration, Cancellation and Transfer Policy

Registration, Cancellation and Transfer Policy
Read this Policy carefully- regardless of the nature of your cancellation or transfer request (illness, injury, family emergency, work responsibility, etc.) the terms of this policy will apply to your Registration! The Adventure Risk Management Registration, Cancellation and Transfer Policy is based upon our goal to deliver quality, well-planned courses for our clients. Late cancellations and transfers place courses at risk of cancellation, creating hardship and frustration for other registered clients. Further, once a client is confirmed on a course, Adventure Risk Management incurs multiple expenses that cannot be recovered after a cancellation.

All courses require full payment to reserve a space. All registered participants must be 18 years of age to participate in a course, or the parent or legal guardian a registered/paid minor must be present throughout the course. Only registered/paid participants may attend a course- family/friends/coworkers, or children/infants of registered/paid participants may NOT attend. Registration Requests received within 14 days of Day 1 are subject to a $30 Late Registration fee. Adventure Risk Management reserves the right to decline any Registration Request.

Transfer or Cancellation (5 Day WFR only):

 Transfer or Cancellation (Courses other than 5 Day WFR):

Course Textbook costs
If you cancel your registration, the cost of any course textbook (plus shipping fees) that you may have received pre-course will be in addition to any cancellation processing fees. In the event that your course cancels for any reason, you will be responsible for the cost of any textbook(s) that were mailed to you prior to your course. To avoid these costs, any textbook must be returned to us within one week of a cancellation notification, and must be in absolutely new, re-usable condition. (As of December 2015, ‘Wilderness and Rescue Medicine’ cost is $45. ‘Outward Bound Wilderness First Aid Handbook’ is $15.95)

Eligibility, Course Participation, Certification
You are responsible to ensure your own eligibility for any course (i.e. Recertification or Bridge courses) prior to your arrival. No refunds or credits will be issued for any of the following circumstances:

Course Policies
In the interest of a healthy, conducive learning environment, all students are expected to adhere to the following Course Policies:

Adventure Risk Management reserves the right to dismiss any student from a course due to violation of any course policy or disruptive behaviors, with no refund or transfer credit.

Course Cancellation
Though uncommon, Courses or Events may be cancelled for reasons outside of the control of Adventure Risk Management (i.e. low enrollment, weather, etc.). In the event of such cancellation, you will receive a full refund, or you may transfer to another Course with no additional fee. Adventure Risk Management will not be financially responsible for any client travel or lodging expenses, or for any other client preparations made for a Course or Event.

©2019 Adventure Risk Management

Wilderness Medicine Course Tuitions

Wilderness Medicine courses

Verification of Accuracy and Full Disclosure Statement

I understand and acknowledge that Adventure Risk Management is not making a determination of my fitness for a course, training or event; rather, I represent to Adventure Risk Management and verify that I am physically fit and ready for the course, training or event.

I understand and acknowledge that my failure to disclose relevant information may result in harm to myself and others during a course, training or event. I agree to indemnify and hold harmless Apogee Endeavors, LLC dba Adventure Risk Management (hereafter referred to as ‘Adventure Risk Management’) and its affiliates, members, officers, employees, independent contractors and other agents from any claims I may make for personal injuries or death to myself and from the claims of third parties whose injury or death I may have contributed to or caused as a result of my failure to disclose any such information.

   I represent and warrant that I have provided all material and important information to Adventure Risk Management pertaining to my medical, mental, and physical condition, in view of my participation on a course or training. I agree to notify the Lead Instructor if there is any change in my physical, mental, or medical condition prior to my scheduled course or training. I further represent and warrant that this information is complete and accurate.

Parent or legal guardian is required to be present at all courses.

Due to insurance regulations and the policies of facilities where our courses are provided, all minor students (less than 18 years of age at the time of the course) must have their parent or legal guardian present, attending as a fully-registered & paid student. Only registered/paid participants may attend a course- family/friends/coworkers, or children/infants of registered/paid participants may NOT attend.

John Jacobs Background

20070118_WMA_0003_lowres_cropWilderness Medicine Instructional Experience



Outdoor Education Industry Experience

Rescue & Emergency Medicine Experience

Other Outdoor Industry Experience

IMG16_CropOutdoor Recreation Interests & Experience

Mountain adventure sports have been a central part of John’s entire life. He is well-versed in all disciplines of climbing including mountaineering, traditional & sport climbing, ice climbing, bouldering in locations across Western North America including Alaska, Coast Range, Cascades, Sierra Nevada, Southern California, and Mexico. In addition to his climbing interests, he has done extensive long-distance hiking, and backcountry skiing. A few of his notable achievements include:



Backcountry Skiing


Bill 'Jobi' Hanson Background

JobiHanson1Bill ‘Jobi’ Hanson has been an EMT since 1989, and a Paramedic since 2000. He began his career in pre-hospital medicine as a combat medic for the US Army. Since then he has worked urban EMS in Boston and rural EMS in Vermont, Oregon, and Colorado as well as on a professional ski patrol, on a critical-care transport service, and as a Flight Paramedic on the Navajo reservation in Arizona.  Jobi also worked for several years as a wilderness educator, rock-climbing guide, and program director for Outward Bound and similar organizations with groups ranging from juvenile offenders to corporate executives.  Currently he works as a Helicopter Rescue Specialist and Crew Chief for Travis County STAR Flight in Austin, Tx. In his spare time he rock-climbs, paddles, scuba dives, and trains for triathlons. 

Deb Ajango Background

DebAjangoDeb Ajango has instructed for Wilderness Medical Associates International for more than a dozen years. She lives in Alaska and has traveled the state extensively. Besides teaching classes for WMA, she owns and operates a business in outdoor safety. Deb’s claim to fame is that she and her husband have actually been attacked (and husband mauled) by a grizzly bear.

Ben Dowdy Background

BenDowdyBen Dowdy has been involved with the outdoors since childhood, and in EMS since 2003. He has worked in eastern Kentucky as a paramedic, tactical medic, and EMS educator. In 2012, he worked in Yellowstone National Park as a paramedic. In addition to teaching all around the US for WMA, Ben is involved with Eastern Kentucky University’s paramedic program and performs SAR and technical rescue in the Red River Gorge area. When not working for SOMEBODY, he racks up plenty of trail and rock time in the southeastern US.